- December 6, 2013:
Sandra Linde, RN, at Rhode Island Hospital found that the Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool (CPOT) provided an accurate measure of a patient's pain level and published the results in the American Journal of Critical Care. "Pain assessment is challenging in critically ill patients who are intubated, sedated and unable to verbalize their needs," Linde said. The CPOT was designed for use in intensive care unit settings, and measures pain based on four behavioral indicators in non-verbal patients: facial expression; body movements; muscle tension; and compliance with the ventilator for intubated patients, or vocalization for extubated patients. Full Story
- November 7, 2013:
Researchers from the University of Missouri have found a more accurate laboratory method for diagnosing pancreatic cancer, the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the United States. "Pancreatic cancer can be difficult to diagnose because of subtle differences that distinguish between healthy tissue” said Lester Layfield, MD, professor and chair of the MU School of Medicine's Department of Pathology and Anatomical Sciences. "Our goal was to find a way to make a more accurate and reproducible diagnosis."
The disease causes more than 38,000 deaths each year in the United States, and kills 94 percent of people with the illness within five years, according to the National Cancer Institute. Full Story
- November 5, 2013:
Two knee surgeons at University Hospitals Leuven have discovered a previously un-described ligament in the human knee and recently published the results in the Journal of Anatomy. For the last four years, orthopedic surgeons Dr. Steven Claes and Professor Dr Johan Bellemans have been conducting research into serious ACL injuries in an effort to find out why some patients with ACL-repaired knees continue to experience so-called 'pivot shift', or episodes where the knee 'gives way' during activity.
Their starting point: an 1879 article by a French surgeon that postulated the existence of an additional ligament located on the anterior of the human knee. That postulation turned out to be correct: the Belgian doctors are the first to identify the previously unknown ligament after a broad cadaver study using macroscopic dissection techniques. Full Story